Roller skiing

Roller skiing

Posted by admin | 10/08/2016

WHAT IS ROLLER SKIING?

Roller skiing is an equivalent endurance sport to cross-country skiing, which doesn’t require snow and can be practised all year long. The roller skis were created as a summer training exercise and soon began to be the most important type of the skiers’ training method and take 30-50% of the preparation training time. The sport was developed to strengthen the upper body muscle and maintain cross country technique over the summer time.

WHERE IT ALL BEGAN

  • The mid-1930s – the first roller skis were built in Italy and Northern Europe.
  • The 1950s – It emerged as a summer training exercise for serious cross-country skiers.
  • 1975 – the first races in the world have been organised in Italy.
  • 1985 – The European Roller ski Federation has established around  and it became a competitive sport.
  • 1987 – the first European Roller ski Championship was organised in  Italy.
  • 1988 – the first European Championships took place in the Netherlands.
  • 1992 – the Federation Internationale de Ski (FIS) recognised roller skiing as a separate sport from cross-country skiing.
  • 1993 – the first roller ski World Games were held  in Hague.
  • 1994 – the World Cup was introduced.
  • 1998 – FIS granted roller skiing an official FIS World Championships
  • 2000 – The first FIS World Championships took place in the Netherlands.

EQUIPMENT

Rollerskis. There are several types of roller skis: Classic, skating and combined.

Classic style roller skis. Usually, have wide wheels to provide better balance and are better with wavy and rough road drivability. The sticks should be about shoulder height.
Skate roller skis. Usually, have narrow wheels to allow easier skating. Both wheels on the ski are free-rolling, with no ratchet mechanism.
There are also so-called Combi Roller. These roller skis can be used for both techniques skating, as well as classic.
Poles
Boots
Helmet
Protective eyewear (optional)
Gloves
Knee and elbow pads

THE BENEFITS:

  • Develops core strength while working the upper and lower body.
  • Increases circulation and metabolism and offers an all-around, low impact workout, so it’s a perfect alternative to running.
  • It’s a great aerobic activity resulting in greater cardio-respiratory endurance.
  • It’s an excellent way to improve posture, eliminating back strain.
  • Lowers blood pressure and cholesterol;
  • It reduces the load on the joints
  • Can be used as part of an exercise program to lose weight.
  • Increases muscular endurance.
  • Improves dynamic balance, as you are working the upper body to move forward while you are recovering small imbalances in the feet, ankles, legs and pelvis.
  • Increases range of motion and coordination.
  • Improves efficiency of movement resulting in fewer injuries, better reaction time, quicker and more precise movement, and greater mastery of sports skills.
  • Increases strength and power.
  • Exercising in green spaces has been shown to decrease stress.

INTERESTING
In Norway, there are separate roller ski facilities constructed to allow exercise off public roads.
The record for the greatest number of roller skiers in one place was established in the Gatineau Park, Chelsea Quebec, Canada, on 2 October 2010 – 257 roller skiers went for a 2km roller ski through the Park.
On flat courses, roller skiers can reach a speed of up to 50km per hour (30 miles per hour).
Gerard Proteau (France) set a World Record by completing the longest journey on roller skis from 21 May to 28 June 2014, travelling 2,783.40 km (1,729.5 miles) between Oslo, Norway, and Gretz-Armainvilliers, France.

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